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Steps involved in planning and executing a final year project


Most students have no idea how to begin their project. This is a common problem because it is the first time you will have had to tackle a large amount of work which is probably poorly defined. The following list of steps will help you get started

  1. Identifying a problem & project proposal
    This is the first step towards ideating a project. You will have to look into a domain and identify a problem that needs to be solved. This will be presented as project proposal or synopsis
  2. Requirements generation
    Write down what you want the finished solution to do and get everyone involved to agree to it.
  3. Problem modelling
    Once you have noted down the requirements, you can create a model for it computationally. That is, identify the theoretical tools you will need to solve the problem. For example, If your problem is to do with building a database, you will probably model the system with an entity-relationship diagram and validate the model by normalization.
  4. System analysis and specification
    With the requirements document, problem definition, and computational model identified, you should now be in a position to state exactly what our system will do and under what circumstances it will do it.
  5. System design
    There a few steps involved in designing a system, these are :
    • Identify several design options available to you and compare them.
    • Analyze your design to ensure it is technically feasible. Remember, you can’t always build everything you design, either for theoretical reasons or for practical reasons.
    • Analyze your design to ensure it meets the specifications
    • Create a cost estimation for your system. Select the best design.
  6. Module implementation and system integration
    Finally, we are at the point where we can write the software. It is best to use a modular construction approach. Don’t attempt to build the entire system in one go in the hope that, when you run it, it will work. It is preferable to build and test each module individually and then link them or connect them together.
  7. System test and evaluation
    Most students misunderstand the meaning of the word testing. They think it means showing that something works: their project, for example. But it doesn’t. Testing means much more than this. Certainly, you need to show that it works (i.e. that it meets the requirements and operates according to the specification), but a good testing strategy also attempts to break the system: to show not where it works but where it fails.
  8. Conclusions and identifying future work if any
    With complete project in front of you, you should evaluate it and have conclusions. This is the time where you identify what is the future scope of work or enhancements which can be included
  9. Preparing your final year project report
    Documenting your work and experience in form of a standard template is the last nail and one of the most important too. Prepare and submit a professional, industry level final year project report and impress the evaluator

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